Economics

Economics educational videos and DVDs for teachers, schools, educators and students.

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A Banker's Apprenticeship
SKU: 4554
Hilmar Kopper, Chairman/Speaker, Deutsche BankThe chairman of Germany's largest bank never went to college, rising instead through the country's legendary apprenticeship system, a combination of classroom and on-the-job training. In a wide-ranging and enlightening conversation, Hilmar Kopper describes how apprenticeship shapes German corporate philosophy and how German bankers are able to develop successfully a long-term outlook while other countries-including ours-often do little more than pay lip service to investing for the future. (54 minutes)

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Addicted to Cheap Shopping? Why the Real Cost of Goods Keeps Going Down
SKU: 39028
In this program, host Libby Potter travels around the world as she takes a meaningful look at the economics behind the inexpensive goods for sale in big-box stores and malls. Cost-cutting through supply chain management and waste reduction, economies of scale achieved by shipping offshore-manufactured goods to market via super-container ships, the Wal-Mart effect, and the no-frills philosophy of IKEA are addressed. The triumphs and woes of China, in its role as manufacturer for the world, is given special attention, and the clothing industry is presented as a case study of the cheap goods cycle. But the program also considers the hidden societal costs of cheap goods, such as sweatshop labor and the environmental impact of cavalier overconsumption, and questions how much longer prices will continue to drop as China's standard of living rises. Original BBCW broadcast title: Addicted to Cheap Shopping? (60 minutes)

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After the Gold Rush: Lucrative Lessons
SKU: 10690
As America's robust economy surged ahead during the Clinton administration, the nation as a whole experienced unprecedented growth. But behind that facade of economic success are disturbing psychological questions that are in urgent need of resolution-questions that have lost none of their importance in the current economic downturn. In this topical two-part series, concerned experts from a variety of fields scrutinize America's emotional and spiritual bottom line. 2-part series, 29 minutes each.

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An Introduction to the IMF
SKU: 11189
The consensus of the world's leaders is that economic stability and cooperation offer the best hope for global peace. Using interviews with members of the International Monetary Fund's Board of Governors-each one the head of a national central bank or a minister of finance-this program explains how the IMF is structured and illustrates how it sets policy. The program also uses archival footage to examine the dual birth of the IMF and the World Bank and to explore the vision of its founding members: John Maynard Keynes and Harry Dexter White. IMF historian James Boughton provides additional insights. (18 minutes)

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Argentina: An Economic Work in Progress
SKU: 11191
By the end of the 1980s, Argentina was caught in a perilous vortex of hyperinflation. In this program, the former Minister of the Economy, the former Secretary of the Treasury, bank president Eduardo Escasany, economist Martin Redrado, and others discuss the measures taken at that time to stabilize the economy, including establishing a currency board, deregulating and privatizing key industries, reforming the labor market, and asking the IMF for a loan of $3.4 billion. The ripple effects of contemporaneous economic crises in Mexico, Brazil, and Russia are also considered. (19 minutes)

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Asian Values Devalued
SKU: 8529
As the tiger economies of East Asia turned from boom to bust in the 1990s, the general public was amazed, yet many economists nodded their heads knowingly. This program focuses on the plights of Indonesia, Hong Kong, and Malaysia, where nepotism, cronyism, corruption, suppression, and the exploitation of cheap foreign labor brought about a financial crisis of enormous proportions. These regions grew too quickly without proper controls and economic safeguards, which has left the middle and lower classes, who are crushed by inflation and unemployment, to pay the bill. Experts agree that East Asia will survive, eventually recover, and probably surpass itself, but at a staggering cost in money and human misery. This program is an excellent expose that reveals why the bubble burst. (39 minutes)

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Assets and Payroll
SKU: 29655
Giving equal time to two vital accounting topics, this program explains how accountants handle assets and payroll. The video begins with the acquisition and retention of tangible fixed assets through capital expenditures and revenue expenditures. Then, methods of accounting for tangible fixed assets with respect to depreciation and disposal are presented. Allocation of an asset's cost over its useful life is outlined, as well as five methods of depreciation. The discarding and sell-off of plant assets are also discussed, along with the amortization of intangible assets. The video then plunges into the topic of wages, beginning with an overview of payroll expenditures and their accompanying taxes and regulations. Next, the intricacies of gross pay, net pay, and payroll-related liabilities are thoroughly sorted out, leading to a discussion of how payroll is recorded. Last, the proper treatment of fringe benefits from an accounting perspective is demonstrated. A Cambridge Educational Production. (13 minutes)

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Bill Moyers Journal: Facing the Economic Fallout
SKU: 39920
Amidst historic economic failures, this edition of the Journal takes an in-depth look at what led to the financial meltdown, what it means for American families, and how it may affect voters in the run-up to the 2008 elections. Bill Moyers speaks with prescient political and economic critic Kevin Phillips, author of Bad Money: Reckless Finance, Failed Politics, and the Global Crisis of American Capitalism. Moyers also sits down with New York Times business and financial columnists Gretchen Morgenson and Floyd Norris to discuss who wins and who loses in the financial turmoil. An essay on America's current Gilded Age concludes the program. Broadcast date: September 19, 2008. (57 minutes)

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Bill Moyers Journal: Mortgage Mess
SKU: 39727
Focusing on the subprime mortgage crisis, this edition of the Journal travels to Cleveland, Ohio-the heart of the nation's mortgage meltdown. Correspondent Rick Karr examines the state of Slavic Village, where more than 1,000 homes stand vacant and decaying in a neighborhood that once thrived with families living the American dream of home ownership. Then, Bill Moyers gets perspective on the financial crisis and the great deflation of Wall Street" from William Greider, national affairs correspondent at The Nation. Broadcast date: July 18, 2008. (56 minutes)"

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Blowing Bubbles: The Emergence of Stock Trading
SKU: 40182
Why do stock markets produce bubbles, and what makes them burst? In this program, financial scholar Niall Ferguson examines the origins of the joint stock company and the modern share trading system, highlighting some of history's most notorious market meltdowns. Analyzing the herd instinct and its role in economic upswings and downturns, Ferguson draws parallels between the 2001 Enron bankruptcy and the 18th-century Mississippi Bubble perpetrated by Scottish financier John Law, who exercised a nearly monolithic influence over France's economy and colonial ventures. Ferguson also traces aspects of today's stock exchanges to Dirck Bas Jacobsz and the Dutch East India Company. Distributed under license from BBC Worldwide. A part of the series The Ascent of Money: A Financial History of the World. (49 minutes)

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Bucking the System: Alternatives to Cash and Capital
SKU: 35554
Are the days of the traditional cash economy numbered? This program examines ground-breaking monetary systems designed to benefit disadvantaged segments of the population and build strength in the small business sector-not only in the United States, but also in Mexico, India, Poland, and Britain. Traveling to each country, the program showcases remarkable financial innovations-including the Ithaca hour," a currency rapidly becoming standard in the upstate New York town; a Greenwich "time bank" that encourages community involvement; and Warsaw's Fundusz Micro credit organization, which helps entrepreneurs build businesses without capital. (27 minutes)"

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Chimerica: An Economic Love Story Gone Sour
SKU: 40185
How did the American credit market become so entwined with-and dependent on-Chinese lending? This program examines the rise and potential decline of Chimerica," the financial marriage between two of the world's biggest economic powers. Historian Niall Ferguson shows how the Chinese "savings glut" led to excessively easy American borrowing and prompted the subprime mortgage crisis of 2007. Going inside trading centers in Hong Kong and Chongqing, China, as well as the International Monetary Fund and World Bank, Ferguson explains why once-risky markets in Asia, Latin America, and eastern Europe have become better investments than the U.K. or U.S. stock market. Distributed under license from BBC Worldwide. A part of the series The Ascent of Money: A Financial History of the World. (49 minutes)"

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Community Investing
SKU: 37188
While many nations and communities benefit from the fast track to globalization, others are in danger of being left behind. This program explores concepts embodied in the mantra, Think globally, act locally," focusing on businesses and organizations that help to revitalize isolated and disadvantaged areas, thereby expanding access to the wider economy. Judy Wicks, founder of Philadelphia's White Dog Cafe, details her company's policy of buying from local farmers, while Shari Berenbach of the Calvert Foundation advocates small business loans and community development corporations. C. K. Prahalad, author of The Fortune at the Bottom of the Pyramid, and Equal Access executive director Ronni Goldfarb also supply valuable insight. (28 minutes)"

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Competition and Market Regulation
SKU: 10846
Antitrust laws, trade regulations, and property ownership work together to preserve the balance of rights among consumers, retailers, and employees. Module one of this program explains how citizens of Zurich voted to extend shopping hours, overturning an obsolete market intervention; module two examines fair competition in the case of Volkswagen/Audi v. The European Commission; and module three examines how Venice, in an absence of private property rights, is moving to restore its crumbling buildings. (30 minutes)

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Dreams of Avarice: Credit and Interest Through the Ages
SKU: 40180
From promises to pay" on ancient Babylonian tablets to the insolvency of present-day consumerist America, this program explains the origins of credit and debt and why credit networks are central to civilization. Historian Niall Ferguson examines financial transactions recorded in cuneiform; the transition from Roman numerals to Arabic symbols for greater speed and efficiency among medieval Italian bankers; notions surrounding the practice of usury during the Middle Ages and the Renaissance; and the rise of the Medici, who built their family's fortune as foreign exchange dealers. The program ties into contemporary issues by visiting Memphis, Tennessee-an epicenter of barbecue and bankruptcies. Distributed under license from BBC Worldwide. A part of the series The Ascent of Money: A Financial History of the World. (48 minutes)"

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